New Millennium Being
THE VIRGO PATH - SPIRITUALIZING MATTER
by Guru Rattana, Ph.D.
Issue #122 - September 15, 2006
The SUN in Virgo perfects the sky from August 22 at 11:23 PM PDT (August 23 at 6:23 AM GMT) through September 22 at 9:04 PM PDT (September 22 4:04 AM GMT)
The first Virgo NEW MOON was August 25that 1 degree Virgo. The second Virgo NEW MOON SOLAR ECLIPSE at 29 degrees Virgo is September 22nd at 4:45 AM PDT (11:45 AM GMT.)
The power and potential of the September 2nd NEW MOON is enhanced by Vernal Equinox on the same day and third Jupiter/Neptune square, exact on September 24th. This and the ongoing powerful t-square between Saturn in Leo, Jupiter in Scorpio and Neptune in Aquarius will be discussed in New Millennium Being #123.
The Pisces FULL MOON was September 7th at 15 degrees Pisces.
PLUTO went DIRECT September 4th, after being retrograde since March 29th. Only Uranus and Neptune are now retrograde.
VIRGO THE SECOND EARTH SIGN
Leo and Aquarius get us in touch with our ideals. Virgo tells us to get busy implementing our vision. Virgos approach is practical. What needs to be done? What is not working and what can we do to fix it and get back on track? Virgo distinguishes between what is important and what is not what is essential and what is superfluous. Vigo discerns what is efficacious and what wastes time and resources. Virgo is not interested in theory. Virgo is interested in applying knowledge so that healing can happen and improvements can be made. Virgos forte is upgrading situations to their highest effectiveness, efficiency and expressions.
Virgo invites us to assess and hone the talents embodied in this mentally adept earth sign.
(1) Analysis and discernment. What is essential that we are missing? What is superfluous that we need to eliminate?
(2) Service. Are our analytical and healing talents being used optimally to add quality to our work environment and community?
(3) Integration and wholeness. Do our actions and mode of operation contribute to bringing the presence of Spirit into our daily lives? Health and wholeness are our goals.
THE EVOLUTION OF VIRGO
Criticism and judgment Discernment
Righteousness Accurate assessment
Opinionated Personal opinion
Worrying Determining what needs to be done
Workaholism Getting the job done and moving on
Self-effacement, feeling incompetent Competency and producer of results
Self-disparagement, self-negation Humility
Obligations, compulsive duties Giving from our heart
Servitude Service as our life path
Narrow-mindedness Ability to mastermind
Obsessed with details Ability to see the whole
Perfectionism Seeing Divine Order
Cynicism Realistic, practical
VIRGOS PATH INTEGRATING THE SACRED AND THE MUNDANE
Virgos path is to integrate the sacred and the mundane. Virgo teaches us (1) to eliminate our distractions and unproductive preoccupations and get on with our souls work, (2) to choose what is important and focus on that and only that, and (3) to concentrate our intent on completing the immediate task, which helps us reach our long term goals.
Virgos greatest fear is criticism. Virgos worst habit is self-criticism. Virgo needs to learn not to try to control or change others to line up with some mental ideal. Instead Virgo must learn to simply share insights and inspire others to be their perfect selves.
Below we discuss some of Virgos main challenges on the path to self-mastery and how the priest/priestess can claim his/her gifts by making unconscious programs conscious, and then using his/her special talents productively and responsibly.
BEING RIGHT AND RIGHTEOUS
Immature Virgo has a compulsive need to be right, which leads to behaviors that appear dogmatic, puritanical, and rigid. The preoccupation with being right covers up the authentic need to be acknowledged. Hiding behind Virgos judgmental value system and backed up by strict rules and regulations, is an honest desire to serve and be useful. The problem is that Virgos honest intentions are often misunderstood because they are not communicated appropriately. Thus Virgos first job is to use that discriminating mind power to figure out how and why this humble servant projects haughtiness instead of humility.
When our focus is on wanting others to recognize our rightness, we automatically illicit negative reactions. Our need to be right, positions others as wrong. No one wants to be wrong or feel belittled. If we communicate judgments of right and wrong, others are put on the defensive. If we use our mental acuity to appear superior, we distance ourselves from others. Our critical comments then unintentionally reveal our own limitations.
The problem is compounded because Virgos critical tendency does not stop with pointing out the faults of others. Virgo is highly critical of self. When Virgo communicates in ways that are perceived by others as insensitive, overly critical and judgmental, the flow of energy between the persons involved is cut off. Feeling depleted and isolated, Virgo shuts down. The abrupt withdrawal from an interaction that could have been spontaneous and well-meaning results in a lack of confidence on Virgos part.
Virgo needs to shift the focus from cold, mental analysis of what is wrong or not functioning properly to inspiring and uplifting others. There are so many ways that talented Virgo can serve others and contribute to their lives. To effectively support people, Virgo must first recognize the beauty and purity of the soul that is embodied in another human persona. When we operate from the perspective of every human being questing for his or her own souls perfection, we can help people be more effective in their efforts to live meaningful and productive lives. (If we were perfect, we wouldnt have signed up for Earth School.) When we do so, we can enjoy a sense of our own value and self-worth.
Helping others trust themselves, in turn helps us trust ourselves. We can then relax, release our need for rules and judgments and spontaneously interact in a manner that is lovingly appropriate in every situation. When our pure intention to serve is fulfilled, our need for rightness is elevated to its most sincere desire to bring peace and wholeness to others lives.
Virgo needs to learn how to deal with the fear of being criticized for being petty or obsessed with details and order. If we are controlled by this fear, we will withhold valuable information about the systemic disorder of a situation. The fact is that Virgos perceptive insights can and often do create temporary disruptions. Once the facts of the matter are addressed and dealt with, a new sense of order can emerge. In the meantime, Virgo must learn to deal with the initial reactions to revelations of dysfunctions and peoples discontent about the necessity for adjustments and change.
Both doing Virgos job and not doing it can be uncomfortable. The consequence of withholding the truth to avoid negative reactions offends our inner need to be honest. We also feel uncomfortable because we arent sharing valuable knowledge about how to bring higher order to a situation. At the same time, exposing the truth to those who either cant see it or choose to deny it is also painful.
We must find peace within ourselves about the nature of our assignment and our gifts. We need to appreciate and respect the value of our gifts of being able to understand what must be fixed and to simultaneously perceive a higher sense of order. We have to develop a clear and steady consciousness and keep our motives of simply sharing our awareness pure. The trick is to not try to defend our observations and to not take reactions to them personally.
PERFECTIONISM INWARD AND UPWARD
One of the ways that our inner Virgo exhibits its perfectionism complex is through post facto self-torment, i.e. should haves. Obviously with the clarity of hindsight, we would do many things in our lives differently. However, this is not how Earth School works. We learn through experimentation. To disengage our judge yourself after the fact critic, we need to install a different program. Instead we monitor our results and continually revise guidelines to follow in the future. We can build a sense of satisfaction from designing and following our learn and perfect as we go process. We can even write a manual on the subject and share it with our willing friends and co-workers.
Virgos fixation on perfection makes sense at higher levels of awareness. The trick is to operate at the higher level of consciousness where we witness that the Divine play is perfect where we perceive the perfection in the operation of Divine law of cause and effect. Where we see how what we do and how we think and project influences the nature of our situations and relationships.
Our inner Virgo must learn to do the best we can and then to let go and turn the rest over to a higher power. Sounds like a good idea, but it is something that most of us profoundly resist. We have to train ourselves to surrender to a higher power. Daily practice is required. We have to program ourselves to trust. To do so, we can take one situation every night and turn it over while we are asleep. It is only as we witness the results that our inner control mechanism begins to let go.
HOW WE USE OUR ENERGY
There are several ways that Virgo can alienate others by (1) seeking to be right by making others wrong, (2) criticizing or judging others when their behavior doesnt meet our strict standards for perfection, (3) focusing on errors instead of what works, (4) taking what others say and do personally, and (5) giving unsolicited advice on how others can straighten up their lives.
Virgo can reduce these negative reactions by (1) sharing responsibility for what is happening instead of blaming others, (2) overcoming the need to be right and aim instead for peaceful and heart-centered understanding of situations, (3) being more tolerant and non-judgmental, (4) assisting others only when we have permission, and (5) holding the space of order within ourself and letting our sense of order radiate out into our environments. Try it! And watch how you magnetize solutions that you hold in your mind. You may even get offers for assistance without even asking. A real sense of empowerment comes from witnessing how our harmonious inner world can facilitate harmonious relationships and working environments.
HOW WE USE OUR MIND
The Virgo mind can get trapped in analysis-paralysis by endlessly getting entangled in what is right and wrong. The inherent order that Virgo can perceive can get lost in the endless categories. Virgo can choose to indulge in insensitive petty criticism or to engage in thoughtful objective observation. Virgo has the uncanny ability to embrace disparate factors and weave them into a coherent pattern. Virgos masterminding skills are invaluable in setting up all types of systems. Virgos ability to see the whole picture in the middle of chaos and conflict is a well needed asset.
To overcome Virgos petty perfectionism, we have to use our mind to tune into the universal mind where we can trust what we cannot see or measure the unseen universal order. When we do so, we arent so reactive to the natural imperfections on our human journey. Authentic detachment moves us to a higher octave, where forced tolerance becomes genuine acceptance of the way things unfold and manifest on the physical plane. We no longer have to justify our natural human experiences. Instead we allow them to teach us more about the evolution and sacredness of life.
RELATIONSHIPS ISOLATION OR CLOSENESS
If we are self-serving in relationships, rather than serving in a practical and useful manner, we create feelings of isolation. Feelings of being unworthy or of being unaccepted get in the way of tuning into and trusting our inner feelings that guide appropriate interactions with others. We need to monitor our inner reactions and learn to distinguish between fear of criticism and authentic messages. When we do not sacrifice our inner integrity and can be honest with ourselves, we can move beyond the superficiality that we conjure up in order to be accepted by others.
The closeness that we desire is possible when we let go of the judgments of ourselves and others that create feelings of separation. When we express our helpful insights of a situation as our point of view rather than what is right or wrong, others are able to hear and discern the value for themselves of what we have to say. Keeping in mind that the fact that we all act from limited information and knowledge can help us communicate without judgments. Virgos ability to analyze information can be very helpful to others trying to figure out what to do and the possible consequences of their actions. Virgos job is to not let the need for perfection interfere with the flow of valuable intuitive insights. Virgos piece of the puzzle makes a vision of the whole picture possible.
Virgo needs to learn to relax, to let go of rigidities, to be responsible for only what we have to offer, and to trust the evolutionary unfoldment of life. As we do so, we can operate from the integrity and innocence that makes Virgos presence and contributions such a valuable asset to the whole.
VIRGO THE SERVANT
Virgo is born with the desire to serve others less fortunate and to participate in very practical ways in the areas of ecology, health and well-being. One of Virgos fears is being criticized for what can be viewed as an over-zealous commitment to a sense of duty. At the same time, Virgo can resent the fact that others seem unwilling to do their share.
If we sacrifice ourselves at the altar of duty, we end up sacrificing both our image and our health. If we try to measure up to an unrealistic ideal of the perfect worker (employee or boss), we create a work atmosphere filled with tension, frustration and even paranoia. If we seek to be recognized for our perfect performance, we wear ourselves out and annoy the less motivated.
We have to stop trying to create an image and focus on accomplishing the task at hand. If we direct our energies to getting a job done in collaboration with others, we can release ourselves from the burden of sole responsibility and enjoy camaraderie with our co-workers. In the process our contribution may well be recognized and appreciated. And we can enjoy the emotional satisfaction of being of service to the cause we are serving and to our fellow workers.
SERVICE BRINGS SATISFACTION
Virgo is born to serve, but service does not mean servitude. Virgo has to discern the difference and make choices on what is worth devoting time and energy to and what is not. To decide, Virgo can ask some of these questions Do I love what I do? Are my efforts making a difference? Am I acknowledging myself even if no one else is? Do I end my day with a sense of satisfaction for a job well done? After I have done my best, am I able to detach myself from the outcome?
Also -- Can I live with the fact that I often see what others are not yet aware of? They may understand later or not. They may even take credit for my brilliant ideas later. Can I move on and simply be grateful that they finally caught on?
It is not Virgos path to be a doormat or a slave to anyone. With the perceptive ability to figure out the difference, healthy humility is also required to stay sane in this insane world.
ON THE JOB TRAINING
Withholding our gifts results in postponing the satisfaction that we are meant to receive through our service. Withholding and finding fault with our service results in a lack of self-confidence. A self-critical attitude makes us feel insufficient, which in turn means that we are always in the process of preparing in order to be ready enough to offer our assistance. The problem with this approach is that Virgos training is on the job. We learn as we participate. We perfect our skills as we contribute.
Righteous standards are no substitute for getting our hands dirty. We have to be willing to make mistakes and to develop ourselves in the field, not just in the classroom. We need to respond to our hearts desire to be of service, find situations that need our assistance and jump in and do our best. Theoretical concepts of what service should look like only limit our playing field. Being willing to expand our arena can expand the opportunities to serve in ways far more satisfying than we could have ever dreamed of ourselves.
VIRGOS MATURATION PROCESS
Our inner Virgo is maturing when we begin to reduce the stress that we create for our self, when we notice how we sabotage our self and stop some of these programmed behaviors. The Virgo litmus tests include (1) stress level, (2) health, and (3) the atmosphere of our work environment.
One of Virgos biggest lessons is to learn to detach, instead of distance our self, in personal relationships. This is possible by not taking others comments personally, interpreting their behaviors as a personal affront, or reacting to their critical comments as direct attacks. When we are detached, others do not feel imposed upon, coerced, pressured, punished or judged. We are all free to be responsible for ourselves. For Virgo, this freedom is a liberating moment and a stepping stone to self-mastery.
EMOTIONAL, PHYSICAL AND SPIRITUAL HEATH AND WELL-BEING
The Virgo dilemma is how to balance the desire to do a good job and a strong sense of duty and responsibility with the need to maintain a balanced life and a realistic perspective or what can be accomplished within the given resources and time. Virgo has a tendency to allow work to disrupt our personal life, which creates imbalances in our emotional and physical health. Virgo must always seek to maintain this delicate balance. For Virgo, health is the barometer of the balance we are achieving in life.
The need for perfection and the fear of imperfection can cause Virgo serious emotional trauma. Rigid internal guidelines block the spontaneous flow of energy and ideas. Failing to live up to our own self-imposed standards, can create much inner anguish. We must come to terms with the abrasive self-criticism to which we subject ourselves. We must acknowledge that We are our worst enemy! We ourselves are the source of our debilitating thoughts.
As we reduce our negative self talk, Virgos precise analytical skills and power of discrimination can then be used to bring order not only to external situations, but to our own inner chaos. The key is to observe what we are doing without judgment and not to take ourselves so seriously. In a lighter mood, it is easier to become effectively responsible for finding the balance which peacefully integrates body, mind and Spirit.
Virgos task this lifetime is to work on ourselves so that we can manifest and enjoy the embodiment of Spirit. Spiritualizing matter becomes a practical matter, which we deal with daily in many mundane and tangible ways. When we realize our sacred mission of bringing Spirit into daily life, we are able to transcend the tendency to feel (or need to feel) superior and perfect. We become immersed in the sacred mission of spontaneously living every moment of life in the perfection that unfolds before our very eyes. As the priest or priestess, we become devotees of life.
PISCES LUNAR ECLIPSE FULL MOON September 7th
Every six months, the alignment of the Sun, Moon and the Earth creates both a lunar and a solar eclipse. Eclipses add a powerful dynamic to the new and full moons. Eclipses signal pivotal turning points, including both completion of a cycle and the initiation of a new phase of our lives.
During a lunar eclipse, the Earth passes between the Moon and the Sun, causing the Earths shadow to dim the Full Moon. The Pisces lunar eclipse full moon September 7th was at 15 degrees or the half way mark in of the 30 degree cycles of each sign. The pull of both the past and the future are balanced. We must choose between the familiar and the unknown, between stagnation and transformation, between old comforts and new dynamism.
The interaction of both Uranus and Pluto in this eclipse obliges us to opt for change. Uranus, opposing the Sun and conjunct the Moon, may deal us some pleasant surprises if we remain flexible and willing. Pluto, having just turned direct September 4 (retrograde since March 29th), makes us feel the imperative message Let go and move on!
During a lunar eclipse, the temporary blockage of light unleashes what has been hidden. Our repressed desires, fears and motivations (both positive and negative) bubble to the surface. The Sun in Virgo heeds us to evaluate our modus operandi, i.e. are we taking care of our health, using our time wisely, carefully determining how and why we engage in specific actions? We are being asked to discriminate between neurotic busyness and worrying and carefully planned and calculated tasks to accomplish specific goals. The moon in Pisces invites us to examine our relationship to Spirit, i.e. are we indulging in cloudy escapism as an avoidance technique or are we authentically tuning into, surrendering to and flowing with a higher order?
Eclipses are felt at least a month before they occur and their effects last for up to a year. So just because the date is past, dont be fooled that you have escaped the impact. If you are honest with yourself, you know that something major is happening. Embrace the transformation and take advantage of the cosmic opening to take a giant step forward in your life!
The first planet to transit over the eclipse point often triggers an important development. Venus reaches 15 degrees Virgo on September 18; watch for important insights or resources to surface around that day. *(1) In any case, we need to stay grounded, centered and focused and listen to our heart.
TWO VIRGO NEW MOONS A NEW PHASE OF OUR LIVES
There are two Virgo New Moons this time around August 23 and September 22 the first was at 1 degree Virgo, the later is at 29 degrees Virgo. The last degree of a sign signals the need to complete the spiritual lesson of that sign before moving on to the next lesson.
The Virgo new moons are a time to review the details and practicalities of our life. Health how are we taking care of our body? What is the state of our living and working space what clutter needs to go? How efficient are we in getting things done do we need to manage our time, energy and resources better? Our evaluation this year takes us to a whole new phase of our lives.
The September 22 new moon is intensified by a solar eclipse just before the moment of the Vernal Equinox. The shadow of the Moon eclipses the Suns light. During a solar eclipse the normal flow of solar light or radiation is interrupted, destabilizing (the) existing configuration of energy and reorganizing consciousness at a higher level. The amplified pull of the Sun and Moon strongly affects the electromagnetic flow in our bodies, altering neutral pathways and trigger points. * (2) We are being realigned at the cellular so that we can function more in alignment with our soul.
Freeing ourselves from the past and moving on are the major themes for this solar eclipse new moon. Jupiter and Neptune square off for the third and final time on September 24th at 17 degrees Scorpio and Aquarius. (Discussed next in New Millennium Being #123) The major part of 2006 was a year of reevaluation for most of us. Now this contemplative phase is over. We will experience this eclipse as a significant ending and major beginning in our life journey.
The astrological symbols represent and integrate the elements and the three modalities of manifestation.
ELEMENTS --There are 3 zodiac signs in each of the 4 elements.
AIR-mind (Gemini, Libra, and Aquarius)
EARTH- body (Taurus, Virgo and Capricorn)
WATER-emotions (Cancer, Scorpio and Pisces)
FIRE- spirit (Aries, Leo and Sagittarius).
MODALITIES There are 3 modalities or modes of operation Cardinal, Mutable and Fixed. One each of the elements air, earth, water and fire signs operates in one of these 3 modes.
CARDINAL Aries, Cancer, Libra and Capricorn
MUTABLE Gemini, Virgo, Sagittarius and Pisces
FIXED Taurus, Leo, Scorpio and Aquarius
Each modality is a team. The four elements need each other to function optimally. When they interact through planetary alignments (as the t-square to be discussed in New Millennium Being #123), they form squares and oppositions to each other. The initial energetic impact is a collision or standoff. We feel pulled in all 4 directions. Our life lessons reflect the necessity of learning how to use each of these energies individually and together to function at a higher level of competency and consciousness.
We will discuss the nature of the fixed signs in New Millennium Being #123 in relationship to the t-squares of Neptune, Saturn and Jupiter. Fixed signs symbolize the resources available to humans and indicate that we must participate in creating our reality. Cardinal signs denote the four major life arenas in which we build and experience beginnings and endings self (Aries), home (Cancer), relationships (Libra) and the world (Capricorn).
MUTABLE SIGNS AND IMMUTABLE LAWS
The mutable signs are constantly aligning with the immutable laws and forces of the universe. At every level, they are continually adjusting, adapting, moving, re-evaluating and evolving. The nature and lessons of the mutable signs is to be in the cosmic unfoldment and flow.
The mutable signs symbolize the immutable laws and forces of the four elements.
GEMINIAIR/MIND embodies the workings of the rational mind. For Gemini Duality is reality. The light and the dark exist simultaneously and create the cosmic evolutionary dance.
SAGITTARIUS FIRE/SPIRIT evokes our souls evolutionary path to the Light and makes our soul contracts known.
VIRGO EARTH/BODY understands how the physical plane works and what must be done to reach for perfection, i.e. to spiritualize matter.
PISCES WATER/EMOTIONS gives us the non-verbal messages and understanding of karmic laws of cause and effect. Pisces also connects us with the spiritual force that makes our oneness possible.
VIRGO NEEDS PISCES AND PISCES NEEDS VIRGO
Virgo needs Pisces. And Pisces needs Virgo. They need each other to understand and develop a functional relationship between matter and spirit. VIRGO is very practical, demanding and mental. Virgo understands how the physical plane works. Virgo uses analysis and reason to operate in the world. PISCES relates to the non-physical world. Pisces can be spacey, ungrounded and dreamy and is easy going and accepting. Pisces uses intuition and psychic attunement to navigate through the world ocean.
Pisces and Virgo are both mutable signs. Together they integrate Spirit into our psyche, bodies and physical environments. Plugged into different circuits, their team work is a ZEN exercise of merging the daily practical reality with the comic universal reality.
KUNDALINI YOGA - GUIDELINES FOR INTEGRATING BODY AND SPIRIT
It is important to realize that non-physical energy has to be integrated into the body or it just escapes. If we don't consciously integrate higher frequencies into our body, we can have experiences that are ungrounded, spacey and short-lived. We can feel fearful, want to escape physical reality, and be in denial.
Integrating physical and non-physical energies is a very subtle art and a delicate process that requires cultivating stillness and awareness. Otherwise, we feel good for a moment and then back to the same old thing.
Kundalini yoga powerfully activates the whole body and being. Meditation raises our vibrational frequency, attunes our body to non-physical energies, and helps us become more conscious. Practicing any physical Kundalini yoga kriya is critical to activate, align and prepare our body to hold higher frequencies. For example, the kriya to Strengthen the Aura (done standing) in Transitions to a Heart-Centered World, 2nd Edition (page 116) greatly facilitates grounding spiritual energies.
Between exercises (any set) and at the end of a set, it is important to sit very quietly, tune into your inner space and FEEL the energy in your body. Similarly, after you meditate, sit quietly, be attentive, BE with the SPACE inside your skin and FEEL your body. Let the non-physical energy integrate into your body. FEEL the aliveness. LOVE what you feel.
To cultivate the connection and integration between physical and non-physical energies, we have to simultaneously stay present to our stable inner space and allow and stay with the flow of our emotional and physical sensations. Both stability and flow are required to spiritualize matter. Spacing out is not spiritualizing matter. We need to feel our body until it resonates at a higher level. The techniques of Kundalini yoga and meditation facilitate body/Spirit integration. They facilitate our task, but they are not sufficient. Paying attention is required. Cultivate awareness. Be present to what you feel. Allow what you feel. Feel the flow (or non flow, i.e. resistance) of energy in your body.
Awareness, the vibration of sound, feeling our body and emotional sweetness are the glue that integrates spirit into form. Build your glue and you will strengthen your connection with the Divine, be more grounded and invite your soul to manifest in your body. Being aware of both SPACE and ALIVENESS inside your skin merges universal energies with the evolving energies of our soul. The emotional sweetness that we experience by bringing the vibrational sound current of divine mantras into our physical awareness solidifies the glue and encodes a higher dimension of being into our sacred vessel.
HEALING MANTRA TO CONNECT EARTH AND ETHER
The mantra RA MA DA SA SA SAY SO HUNG is a healing mantra with the power to integrate earth and ether energies. The vibration of RA MA DA SA integrates earth or physical energies into our being. The vibration of SA SAY SO HUNG integrates ether or non-physical energies. This mantra can be chanted in an ascending scale up the chakras with the Hung vibrated out of the top of the head. Other versions of this meditation are found in Transitions to a Heart-Centered World, 2nd Edition.
Virgo Feel present in my body here now.
Pisces Expand space inside my body now.
REFERENCES AND FOOTNOTES
Virgo New Moon, Pisces Lunar Eclipse, Virgo Solar Eclipse, by Stephanie Austin, The Mountain Astrologer, Issue #128, Aug/Sept, 2006, pp.102-4.
Astrology and Spiritual Awakening by Gregory C. Bogart, Dawn Mountain Press, Berkeley, 1994.
Spiritual Astrology by Jan Spiller and Karen McCoy, Simon and Schuster, 1985 and 1988.
1. Austin, p. 103
2. Austin, p. 104